Understanding the Canada Express Entry Program

The online Express Entry application is for individuals seeking Canadian permanent residence.

Express Entry is not an immigration category but a case management process that gathers and ranks a pool of skilled applicants.

Individuals must qualify and obtain reasonable ranking scores through the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

The CRS assigns scores to the answers an applicant provides to a series of factors, including:

  • Language abilities
  • Work experience and skills
  • Education
  • Age
  • Adaptability
  • Offer of employment in Canada

Candidates with the highest ranking from the pool are invited to apply for permanent residence. In addition, a spouse or common-law partner factors, such as their language skills and education, can contribute to the principal applicant’s total score.

The Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website provides details on the categories of eligible applicants to be processed through Express Entry.

While we encourage prospective applicants to visit the Canadian government immigration website to learn all they can about Express Entry, Elboniel Consultants can assist you with the application process. This will ensure that if you are invited, the information in your application, including qualifications upon which your CRS score was issued, matches your updated profile.

This is important because applications for permanent residence from an express entry qualified candidate are often refused if the applicant’s information changes significantly.

Information that may change includes recalculated CRS scores or qualifications falling below the Minimum Entry Criteria (MEC) between the time of their Invitation to Apply (ITA) and when they submit their electronic application for permanent residence (e-APR).

Elboniel Consultants can help candidates address different situations in the application process, including changes between invitation to apply and e-APR.

Canada Express Entry Programs

We have provided extra details to help you understand the programs and what Elboniel can do for you to succeed in the following:

  • Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
  • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)


This program is open to anyone who has worked in a skilled occupation for a minimum of one year in the previous ten years. It benefits Canadian employers because these immigrants can be hired to meet their needs for skilled workers and to grow their businesses.

What are the qualifying jobs?

These must have been continuous and full-time or equivalent paid part-time work experience in NOC skill level 0, A, or B National Occupational Classification (NOC). An applicant may also have a full-time position at more than one job in the same type of occupation. A full-time job entails working at least 30 hours per week.

Other minimum requirements:

Each prospective applicant must have sufficient language ability in English or French, with a minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in all four abilities on the approved language test. The education component is demonstrated by having a post-secondary certificate, diploma, or degree. Foreign nationals that completed education outside Canada must remember to start on time to pursue the educational credential assessment (ECA) for their highest academic qualification. In addition, they must prove that they have enough settlement funds for themselves and their family members.

How to apply for the Federal Skilled Worker Program:

In addition to having minimum requirements, eligible candidates must first score 67 points or higher in each of the six selection factors. An immigration visa officer will assess the completed application and assign scores as follows:

Selection factors (Federal Skilled Workers) Maximum Scores
Language skills 28
Education 25
Work Experience 15
Age 12
Adaptability 10
Arranged Employment in Canada 10
Total 100

Next, the applicant submits their profile to the Express Entry pool, from where IRCC will select the highest-ranking candidates and invite them to apply for permanent residence. Applicants under this program must plan to live outside the province of Quebec.

Our knowledgeable consultants will guide you through the application process and assist in maximizing your scores, ensuring you have the best chance of success for permanent residence.


This program is open to individuals who have worked in a skilled trades occupation, wish to obtain permanent residency, and intend to reside in a province other than Quebec. Being a skilled tradesperson usually entails having hands-on work and specialty knowledge to build, maintain infrastructure, and keep industries functional. Those workers with technical and supervisory roles in industries also qualify under this category. Others who carry out food preparation, butchering, hairstyling, social services, and baking are also eligible to apply. The qualifying work experience is for a minimum of two years within the previous five years. The Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC) system organizes a list of eligible trades that qualify for the program as published by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

Major groups:

  • 72 – industrial, electrical, and construction trades
  • 73 – maintenance and equipment operation trades
  • 82 – supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture, and related production
  • 92 – processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators

Minor groups:

  • 632 – chefs and cooks
  • 633 – butchers and bakers

Besides the work experience, a potential eligible applicant must also fulfill the minimum requirement of meeting the job requirements for that skilled trade and demonstrate language proficiency (tested knowledge of English or French). In addition, the person must have a one-year continuous full-time permanent job offer or Certificate of Qualification in the trade of interest from a designated federal or provincial authority. Up to two employers can offer employment to a qualified applicant in that skilled trade occupation.

Applicants do not need to have an education component to qualify. However, if you have a certificate or degree from Canada or elsewhere, you will earn additional points on your Express Entry ranking. Individuals may start the application process within or outside Canada if they meet the minimum requirements, have sufficient funds, and qualify to submit an express entry profile.

Elboniel consultants have extensive experience with the required steps to ensure you achieve the highest possible scores on your application.


Canada is always looking for ways to increase its pool of talented, skilled professionals to strengthen its labour force and multicultural identity. The Canadian Experience Class program aims to transition skilled foreign workers and foreign graduates from their temporary resident status to become permanent residents. It is a popular route to permanent residency in Canada for individuals with a minimum of one year of qualifying skilled work experience in Canada. Time spent working as a student will not qualify towards the work experience requirement for the program. Jobs that qualify as skilled work include managerial (skill level 0), professional (skill type A), technical jobs and skilled trades (skill type B). The Canadian Experience Class program is a standard transition route to Canadian permanent residence status for international students because it is designed to retain the best and brightest individuals. It is popular among this group because they can apply once they have worked for at least one year postgraduation. Applicants must show proof of knowledge of English or French and must not plan to live in the province of Quebec.

There is no educational requirement for the program. However, an applicant with a certificate or degree from Canada or elsewhere will earn additional points on their Express Entry ranking. Individuals may start the application process within or outside Canada if their work experience is within the previous three years.

Our consultants can assist you with the entire application process. We will submit your profile to the Express Entry pool and ensure you have optimized your ranking score. In addition, we will help you with organizing the supporting documents, including academic credential evaluation, police certificates (a statement that you do not have a criminal record), and immigration medical examinations (IME) from Panel Physicians approved by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).


The Provincial Nominee Program is the second-largest economic immigration program in Canada. It enables provinces and territories to create immigration streams based on their individual economic and demographic needs and nominate immigrants at all skill levels. PNP applicants are selected among persons that are likely to reside and economically establish themselves in the province. It complements the federal economic immigration programs in meeting the local labour market and economic needs of Canada. Each province has several immigration streams to attract skilled workers, semi-skilled workers, graduates, and entrepreneurs.

The Provincial Nominee Program is for individuals who:

  • have the skills, education, and work experience needed to grow the economy of a specific province or territory
  • have a demonstrable interest in living in that province
  • have evidence of wanting to reside permanently in Canada

This popular and competitive path is often the fastest method of immigration, and applications can be submitted electronically online or mailed. The program requirements and application processes vary greatly between provinces and within each provincial nominee program. There are Express Entry streams and non-Express Entry streams in most provinces.

How it works:

Non-Express Entry pathway
  • Complete a personal evaluation of qualifications to the program requirement
  • Apply to a province or territory for nomination
  • Province then assesses your application to ensure you meet the eligibility requirements of the program
  • If successful, you are nominated to the program
  • You can now submit a paper application for permanent residence to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)
  • Follow directives from IRCC for a medical exam and a police check (certificate).
  • Permanent Residence status granted
Express Entry pathway
  • Apply for a nomination under an Express Entry stream
  • Create an Express Entry profile (if nominated by province or territory)
  • Alternatively, create an Express Entry profile indicating interest in certain provinces
  • Province shares “notification of interest” in your account
  • Apply to the province’s Express Entry stream
  • Province nominates applicant
  • Update Express Entry profile with a certificate of nomination
  • IRCC sends an invitation to apply
  • Submit an electronic application to IRCC and follow further directives

In each process, successful candidates with the provincial or territorial nomination can apply for permanent residence through the federal immigration system. The program and process is different for Quebec Immigration

Visit the websites of the provinces and territories listed below to see their current nominee streams.

Elboniel Consultants will help you choose the appropriate provincial program and category and assist you with the application process itself, giving you the best possible chance of a successful outcome.